I stop there are stereotypical representations out of LGBs into Dutch television. Numerous apps on try inform you homosexual males that have female qualities and you may several applications are lesbian and bisexual female with masculine characteristics. Which impact try stronger for females compared to people, just like the almost all lesbian and you will bisexual female was depicted from inside the a masculine acting means. For men, the newest symbol are much more diverse since the not every one of the fresh homosexual boys was represented from inside the a feminine acting way. There have been in addition to multiple software you to don’t consist of stereotypical portrayals regarding homosexual males.
When examining the specific classes we finish that there is no signal that LGB characters has actually stereotypical efforts on television otherwise they are the topic of humor. Inside our research we discover zero evidence with the opinion you to definitely LGB emails/men and women are sufferers out-of ridicule (Raley & Lucas, 2006). I found intimate choices in the twenty-four% of your programs. This is less fee than simply a content what is joingy investigation out of sexual blogs inside the U.S. tv programs found (35%) (Kunkel et al., 2005) but similar to other training (Fisher et al., 2007; Rothmann, 2013). In line with prior to browse, i unearthed that lesbian and you may bisexual girls were likely to let you know sexual behavior than homosexual guys (Ramirez, 2020). This provides you with specific proof toward insight one to lesbian and bisexual women can be represented for the an even more sexual means to fix delight heterosexual male audience. We after that found that most LGBs was in both happy monogamous relationships otherwise solitary, rather than promiscuous. This type of answers are not in line with the sense one LGB characters on television can not get a hold of like or promiscuous (Hart, 2000; Meyer, 2010).
Yet not, there were no bisexual males within the fresh try and you will nearly every letters/those who had been reviewed was indeed Caucasian (%)
Total, our answers are mainly in accordance with those of early in the day studies based in the U.S. that also found that discover stereotypical representations off LGBs into tv (Hart, 2000; Raley & Lucas, 2006; Rothmann, 2013). However, the new image with the Dutch television seems to be smaller stereotypical, since there are particular homosexual guys which can be chat inform you machine you to definitely ‘simply seem to be gay’. The lesbian and you can bisexual characters featured feminine (it don’t score to your stereotypes ‘wears zero makeup’, ‘wears wider clothing’ and you can ‘features quick hair’), in the choices, it presented male functions. Such findings meets towards results regarding earlier browse (Ciasullo, 2001; Diamond, 2005; Farr & Degroult, 2008; Jenkins, 2005; Meyer, 2010) in which lesbian and you may bisexual female have been and portrayed because women appearing. These types of portrayals follow established gender norms, and come up with lesbians on television far more acceptable for heterosexual male watchers. Farr and you can Degroult (2008) in addition to found that lesbian letters reveal male choices and you can determine they since the a feature that’s recognizable to possess lesbians into the real world, whenever you are their female physical appearance is aimed so you’re able to excite heterosexual men audiences. An identical occurrence come in all of our decide to try, however it has to be noted your masculine conclusion exhibited by the feamales in all of our attempt mainly arose from the character that they had about series. Five ladies in the shot had been inmates.
This is troubling because it might create an alternative bad label throughout the lesbian and you may bisexual people
A varied icon does mean that LGBs of the many ethnicities and you will ages and you may bisexuals off each gender is illustrated. Browse from the role designs anxieties the significance of a diverse symbolization that triggers detection between LGBs (Gomillion & Giuliano, 2011; Ochman, 1996; Wohlford et al., 2004). Inside our try, there’s a fairly varied image old, though there was basically no seniors depicted. Regarding Netherlands, 22% of your people keeps an immigrant record. The most significant customers which have a non-Caucasian background about Netherlands is the Turkish, brand new Moroccan, the newest Indonesian, while the Surinamese (CBS, 2016). Just one of these ethnicities try depicted from the try (Number 8 was Indonesian). The fact that almost all LGBs was indeed Caucasian corresponds with an research out-of Flemish television fiction in which 97% of your reputation was basically Caucasian (Vanlee mais aussi al., 2020). For lots more detection amongst low-Caucasian LGBs, way more low-Caucasian LGBs is going to be on tv.